Infantigo is a contagious skin disease and it can be caused even by mutual contact with the affected person. But for the first instance, it can be caused by the Staphylococcus aureus or group A Streptococci bacteria. The Bullous Infantigo form is usually caused by the staph bacteria. This type of form can occur at any age, while it caused by strep bacteria is more likely to appear between the ages of two and five—infants and young children.
Epidemic impetigo spreads quickly among children and is aided by poor hygiene and uncleanliness in the home. This type of condition can be caused both by staph or strep bacteria, and it is very easily passed between children. There are certain factors that help the cause of epidemic impetigo, like, heat and humidity, crowded conditions, and poor hygiene. This is serious conditions and should not be left untreated, for, it can lead to severe complications like kidney disease, called glomerulonephritis.
Though the skin provides a very effective barrier and protects the body from infection, but when the skin is broken, the bacteria can enter and cause infection on the skin. The skins can be broken due to a cut or scratch, an insect bite, a burn, or a pre-existing skin rash caused by eczema, or by an allergic reaction to poison ivy, soap, or cosmetic products. It should be noted that the bacteria live on the surface of the skin, and if a skin injury is not kept clean, it is like a direct invitation for those bacteria to invade the body and cause infection. This is the main reason that good personal hygiene conditions and cleanliness help to prevent the chances of infectious diseases like meningitis and impetigo.
It is well known fact that because bacteria thrive in warm, moist environments, most cases of Infantigo occur during the hot, humid summer months. The chances increase more as the children wear short sleeve shirts and shorts, which have the chance of more mosquito-bites, and injuries. Poor nutrition, poor personal hygiene, unsanitary living conditions, or an illness that has lowered an individual’s resistance are also risk factors for developing Infantigo, and proper treatment should be given to the person who is suffering from it.