Bone fracture or broken bone is a split or break in the bone that caused by pressure that can’t be retained by the bone. If the broken bone punctures you skin, it is called an open fracture or compound fracture). There are several causes of bone fractures, which caused by accident or as a result of certain medical condition that weaken bones, such as comminuted fracture, osteoporosis, bone cancer, or osteogenesis imperfecta.
If your bone is broken, you may experience symptoms as follows:
1. Visible misshapen or out-of-place limb or joint
2. Swelling, bruising, or bleeding
3. Intense pain
4. Limited mobility or inability to move the affected area
There are several types of bone fracture, including open fracture where you can see the bone sticking out of your skin. The other types of bone fracture as quoted from Wkipedia are:
– Complete fracture is a fracture in which bone fragments separate completely.
– Incomplete fracture is a fracture in which the bone fragments are still partially joined. In such cases, there is a crack in the osseous tissue that does not completely traverse the width of the bone.
– Linear fracture is a fracture that is parallel to the bone’s long axis.
– Transverse fracture is a fracture that is at a right angle to the bone’s long axis.
– Oblique fracture is a fracture that is diagonal to a bone’s long axis.
– Spiral fracture is a fracture where at least one part of the bone has been twisted.
– Comminuted fracture is a fracture in which the bone has broken into a number of pieces.
– Impacted fracture is a fracture caused when bone fragments are driven into each other.